Agricultural Policies in Emerging Economies 2009: by OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

By OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

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NPC: Nominal Protection Coefficient. NAC: Nominal Assistance Coefficient. 1. A (area planted) / An (animal numbers) / R (receipts) / I (income). 1. Market price support is net of producer levies and excess feed cost. MPS commodities for Brazil are: wheat, maize, rice, soybeans, sugar, cotton, coffee, milk, beef and veal, pigmeat and poultry. Source: OECD, PSE/CSE Database, 2008. 3. 2. Brazil: Basic economic and agricultural indicators, 2005-07 2005 u le O Agriculture is an important sector of Brazil’s economy.

Source: OECD, PSE/CSE Database, 2008. 1787/531722013865 AGRICULTURAL POLICIES IN EMERGING ECONOMIES 2009: MONITORING AND EVALUATION – ISBN 978-92-64-05927-6 – © OECD 2009 29 1. 3a. 3 r 1. Per cent change in an economy’s total MPS is the average of per cent changes in MPS for individual commodities in national currencies, weighted by the shares of individual commodity MPS in an economy’s total MPS in the previous year. 2. An average of per cent changes in MPS for individual OECD countries (EU25 as one), weighted by the value of countries’ MPS in OECD total MPS in the previous year.

1787/528680043222 payments based on input use (interest concessions, fertiliser subsidies, etc), with comparatively less use made of other payments, such as those based on land, animals or income. While support based on commodity output decreased in importance for the OECD as a whole between 1995-97 and 2005-07, it increased in importance for four of the six emerging economies. Only in Chile and South Africa did support based on commodity output fall as a share of gross farm receipts between the two periods; hence it is the main factor contributing to the reduction in the level of producer support in both countries.

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