By Paul Henman, Menno Fenger
Whereas reforms of welfare guidelines were broadly analysed, the reform of welfare management has acquired a ways much less realization. utilizing empirical case reviews, this publication offers major new insights into the way in which welfare management is being across the world remodeled. specific consciousness is given to the impression on welfare consumers, employees and companies. "Administering welfare reform" offers a severe research of governance practices in welfare management; examines shifts within the members, practices and methods of welfare management; offers unique empirical case experiences that spotlight the consequences of reforming welfare governance on welfare matters, employees and companies; offers a much-needed foreign and comparative standpoint of fixing welfare governance. This publication is geared toward students and complex scholars of sociology, social coverage, economics, public management and administration, in addition to social coverage practitioners and repair supply employees. The ebook will quite curiosity those that are looking to seriously comprehend the altering interactions among social coverage and its management, their impression at the welfare nation, and alterations in nationwide stories.
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Additional info for Administering Welfare Reform: International Transformations in Welfare Governance
Pastoral power emphasises the care for the welfare of each individual, which involves a detailed knowledge of every person. However, pastoral power is not always benevolent. It can often involve a paternalistic pressure to be reformed for ‘one’s own good’, an invasion of the sphere of personal autonomy, and so on. Conclusions This chapter has advanced the Foucault-inspired governmentality perspective as a critical analytical approach to examining welfare reform as governance reform. The burgeoning governance literature has highlighted the need to place a greater emphasis on the practical, organisational and administrative aspects of welfare reform, and not simply the formal policies defined by politicians.
A governmentality of welfare reform would also give attention to the language of ‘risk’ as a new organising concept for thinking about 27 Administering welfare reform social welfare policy. In particular, it would show that with the new focus on statistical probabilities and possible futures, ‘need’ has been displaced by ‘risk’, and policy naturally becomes targeted (O’Malley, 1992; Ericson and Haggerty, 1997; Kemshall, 2002; Henman, 2004). Another target for analysis is the ‘rights and responsibilities’ language, such as ‘mutual obligation’, in which the objective of policy is reconfigured and transformed, and so is the identity and activity of (particular types of) welfare subjects (Harris, 2001).
Furthermore, due to this pervading discourse, welfare subjects increasingly experience welfare receipt in terms of ‘obligation’, rather than in terms of alternative welfare rationalities. Workfare discourses also transform and constitute new participants. To begin with, the reconfiguration and conflation of social protection and employment services, creates new welfare agencies, their staff, their role, activities and objectives (see Part One of this collection). Indeed, it is not incidental that the introduction of workfare has often been accompanied with new organisational names.