By Asami Miketa, Keywan Riahi, Richard Alexander Roehrl, Leo Schrattenholzer
Sustainable improvement and worldwide weather swap have figured prominently in clinical research and foreign policymaking because the early Nineteen Nineties. This e-book formulates know-how ideas that would result in environmentally sustainable power platforms, in keeping with an research of world weather swap matters utilizing the concept that of sustainable improvement. The authors specialise in environmentally appropriate, long term expertise advancements in the international power process, whereas additionally contemplating points of monetary and social sustainability. The authors examine quite a few substitute situations and illustrate the variations among those who meet the factors for sustainable improvement and people who don't. because of their research, they determine quite a few promising socio-economic and environmental improvement paths which are in step with sustainable improvement. One sustainable-development situation and its coverage implications are then awarded intimately from a expertise switch viewpoint. The authors suggest formidable objectives for expertise adoption which are judged to accomplish the specified socio-economic and environmental pursuits. even supposing the optimum coverage combine to pursue those objectives is obviously country-specific, the authors recommend that energy-related R&D that results in expertise functionality advancements and the advertising of know-how adoption in area of interest markets are the coverage innovations that allows you to yield the main major long term merits. Policymakers, economists and researchers engaged on sustainability, strength economics, and know-how switch and innovation will welcome this topical and hugely readable booklet.
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Additional info for Achieving a sustainable global energy system: identifying possibilities using long-term energy scenarios
Nakic´enovic´, M. Obersteiner, K. Riahi, L. Schrattenholzer and F. Toth (2003), ‘Planning for future energy resources’, letter to Science, 300(5619), 581–2, 25 April 2003. Riahi, K. R. Roehrl (2000), ‘Energy technology strategies for carbon dioxide mitigation and sustainable development’, Environmental Economics and Policy Studies, 3(2), 89–123. H. (1997), ‘An assessment of world hydrocarbon resources’, Annual Review of Energy Environment, 22, 217–62. C. Zinyowera and R. Moss (eds) (1996), Climate Change 1995: Impacts, Adaptations and Mitigation of Climate Change: Scientific Analyses, Contribution of Working Group II to the Second Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
These scenarios often lead to low GHG emissions levels. CO2 mitigation scenarios The mitigation scenarios assume a constraint equivalent to climate policies that lead to a stabilization of atmospheric CO2 concentrations. The most frequently used concentration limit in the model community at large and at IIASA is 550 ppmv. The reason for the popularity of this value is twofold. First, it roughly corresponds to twice the pre-industrial concentration level of 280 ppmv. This means that the common ‘climate sensitivity’ parameter – indicating the global temperature increase as a consequence of this doubling – directly corresponds to the value of 550 ppmv.
3 is best approached by focusing on the three vertices of the triangle. Each of them represents a situation in which one of the three kinds of primary energy has a share of 100 per cent (with no contributions from the other two). In the inner area of the triangle, the share of each kind of primary energy is reflected by the distance of a point from the line opposite the vertex corresponding to that particular kind of primary energy. To facilitate reading the graph, we have plotted iso-lines at distances of 20 per cent.