By William E. Ellis
Kentucky is nationally popular for horses, bourbon, wealthy typical assets, and regrettably, hindered through a poor academic procedure. notwithstanding its attractiveness isn't really consistently justified, in nationwide ratings for grades K-12 and better schooling, Kentucky continually ranks one of the lowest states in schooling investment, literacy, and pupil achievement.
In A History of schooling in Kentucky, William E. Ellis illuminates the successes and screw ups of private and non-private schooling within the commonwealth seeing that its payment. Ellis demonstrates how political leaders within the 19th century created a tradition that devalued public schooling and refused to safely fund it. He additionally analyzes efforts by means of academics and coverage makers to enact very important reforms and identify sufficient, equivalent schooling, and discusses ongoing battles relating to spiritual guide, integration, and the Kentucky schooling Reform Act (KERA).
A historical past of schooling in Kentucky is the one updated, single-volume historical past of schooling within the commonwealth. providing greater than mere coverage research, this complete paintings tells the tale of passionate scholars, lecturers, and leaders who've labored for growth from the 1770s to the current day. regardless of the existing pessimism approximately schooling in Kentucky, Ellis recognizes indicators of a colourful academic surroundings within the nation. by way of advocating a greater knowing of the prior, Ellis appears to the long run and demanding situations Kentuckians to prevent ancient disasters and construct on their successes.
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Extra resources for A History of Education in Kentucky (Topics in Kentucky History)
57 Section 41 of the 1838 law provided for independent school districts, separate from the schools of the county. ” Th is development had been progressing for some time, dating back to the formation of the public academies. Subsequent laws in 1845 and 1859 enlarged the independent-district system so that it applied to more towns and even to parts of some counties. The 1838 law primarily was intended to protect the surplus fund and its income; it neither proposed nor defined what a common school should do.
The legislature took little notice. S. Treasury, at the behest of the tight-fisted administration of President Andrew Jackson, began distributing excess federal funds, and Kentucky received $1,433,757. After agreeing to set aside $1 million of this fund to support education, the legislature finally listened to Governor Clark’s pleas and in February 1838 adopted a statute creating a common school system. The short-sighted General Assembly soon reduced the school fund by $150,000, shifting that amount over to the internal improvements so popular with a society still in the making.
As the trustee system entrenched itself into the county systems, it became one of the leading causes for the inefficiency of education. Many times a teacher was forced to pay a kickback from her or his already meager salary to inept, corrupt, and often quite ignorant trustees. ” County commissioners were not much better; their numbers were reduced from five to three and finally to one by 1856. Characteristic of the times, some counties refused to levy local school taxes until the late nineteenth century.