50 Great Myths of Popular Psychology. Shattering Widespread by Scott O. Lilienfeld,Steven Jay Lynn,John Ruscio, et al.John

By Scott O. Lilienfeld,Steven Jay Lynn,John Ruscio, et al.John Wiley & Sons, Inc.|Wiley||Wiley-BlackwellAdult NonfictionPsychologyLanguage(s): EnglishOn sale date: 21.01.2010Street date: 15.09.2011

50 nice Myths of renowned Psychology makes use of well known myths as a automobile for supporting scholars and laypersons to tell apart technology from pseudoscience.

  • Uses universal myths as a motor vehicle for exploring how one can distinguish authentic from fictional claims in renowned psychology
  • Explores issues that readers will relate to, yet frequently misunderstand, corresponding to 'opposites attract', 'people use merely 10% in their brains', and 'handwriting unearths your character'
  • Provides a 'mythbusting equipment' for comparing people psychology claims in daily life
  • Teaches crucial severe considering talents via designated discussions of every delusion
  • Includes over two hundred extra mental myths for readers to explore
    Contains an Appendix of worthwhile websites for analyzing mental myths
  • Features a postscript of outstanding mental findings that sound like myths yet which are precise
  • Engaging and obtainable writing sort that appeals to scholars and lay readers alike

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Source: McCloskey (1983). Let’s consider another example. 1, you’ll see a drawing from a study from the work of Michael McCloskey (1983), who asked college students to predict the path of a ball that has just exited from an enclosed spiral. About half of the undergraduates predicted incorrectly that the ball would continue to travel in a spiral path after exiting, as shown on the right side of the figure (in fact, the ball will travel in a straight path after exiting, as shown on the left side of the figure).

Here’s an example: Many psychotherapists believe it’s exceedingly difficult for people to quit smoking on their own. Yet research demonstrates that many, if not most, smokers manage to stop without formal psychological treatment (Schachter, 1982). These psychotherapists are probably falling prey to what statisticians Patricia and Jacob Cohen (1984) termed the clinician’s illusion—the tendency for practitioners to overestimate how chronic (long standing) a psychological problem is because of their selective exposure to a chronic sample.

As science historian Daniel Boorstin (1983) noted: Nothing could be more obvious than that the earth is stable and unmov-ing, and that we are the center of the universe. Modern Western science takes its beginning from the denial of this commonsense axiom … Common sense, the foundation of everyday life, could no longer serve for the governance of the world. (p. 1 A diagram from the study by Michael McCloskey (1983). What path will the ball take after exiting the spiral? Source: McCloskey (1983).

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